Under Trump, cities and states are preparing to take the lead, charging ahead on energy efficiency, renewable energy and climate change, regardless of what his administration does.
They’ve got a great base to work from, having formed numerous pacts in the past few years that are having lots of success. And cities are the linchpin since they generate about 75% of global carbon emissions and 80% of GDP.
Since Trump was elected, 10 cities and a county joined the City Energy Project, bringing the total to 20. The Project focuses on energy efficiency of buildings – their largest source of greenhouse gas emissions.
They share best practices, such as Los Angeles’s requirement for cool roofs:
The cities are an eclectic mix: Boston; Providence; Philadelphia; Pittsburgh; Chicago; Atlanta; Orlando; Miami-Dade County; St. Louis; Kansas City; St. Paul; New Orleans; Des Moines; Houston; Denver; Fort Collins; Salt Lake City; Reno; Los Angeles and San Jose.
By focusing on these urban issues, the US can cut emissions up to 19% by 2035, according to the Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL):
- building energy codes and incentives
- rooftop solar
- public transitrooftop photovoltaics
- smart growth
NREL could be gone under Trump, of course, taking a plethora of supporting research and tools developed to tackle climate change.
EU’s Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy is on track to meet its goal of a 27% emissions cut by 2020. The coalition represents 600 million people – 8% of the global population.
In September, 70 cities participated in the inaugural Global Parliament of Mayors at The Hague, with the goal of taking on issues that aren’t being addressed effectively at the national level. Top issues for the meeting were climate change and immigration/refugees.
Mayor van Aartsen of The Hague said: “Unlike in the 19th and 20th centuries, the international stage is no longer the preserve of nation states. In many cases, national governments are not even equipped to deal with certain matters.”
On the state level,
renewable energy has been leaping forward thanks to Renewable Portfolio Standards and this year, 17 states formed the “Governors’ Accord for a New Energy Future
.” Representing 40% of US population, governors are working together to accelerate efficiency and renewables, modernize the grid, and expand clean transportation.
They can put the federal Clean Power Plan into action – and many are on track to meet its targets – by regulating their own power plants, investing in efficiency and renewables. Northeastern states have had cap-and-trade for years under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and Northwest states have banded together.
Internationally, 12 governments – mostly states – signed onto the Under 2 MOU, committing to joint action that keeps global temperatures from reaching 2°C.
The Compact of States & Regions
, which tracks all efforts on climate change and provides a platform to measure and manage emissions, reports that “the vision set out in the Paris Agreement is within reach. Delivering on all 2020 targets will put these governments on track to stay below the critical warming threshold of 2?C.”
Backwards Federal Government
While cities and states can fill in much of the gap left by a disinterested federal government, it will be hard to battle big initiatives that expand fossil fuels again. TransCanada can’t wait for Trump to approve the Keystone Pipeline and automakers are looking forward to the repeal of Obama’s historic fuel economy standards for cars and trucks.
We can forget any new supportive measures for a green economy, and if Congress wants to do some heinous things to squelch progress, they can. How about repealing tax breaks for wind and solar? And forget government support for clean energy innovation, whether it’s pushing our budding offshore wind energy industry forward or a strong R&D budget.
Too bad, because for every dollar spent on clean energy R&D, $1.60 is created in other parts of the economy – adding about $8.6 billion to US GDP this year, according to Pew Research.
Laughably, Exxon Mobil Corp, says it hopes the Trump administration will rely on “sound science” on deciding which regulations will be dropped.
In the end, most people believe the transition to renewables will continue because it’s too far along to be stopped. Coal is waning becaue of low natural gas prices and solar/ wind will be cheaper than both fossil technologies. They create lots of jobs, even in red states.
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