The amount of land protected by governments to slow down
species loss and conserve eco-systems critical for reducing greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions and replenishing the world’s fresh water supply grew by an area
the size of Russia over the past 20 years.
But far more must be done to reach 2020 targets set by
the United Nations (UN), says the International Union for Conservation of
Approximately 12.7% of the world terrestrial area was
protected by 2010 (6.6 million square miles) compared with 8.8% in 1990, says
IUCN. The UN’s goal is for 17% by 2020, which is an area about twice the size
of Argentina or India.
"These rich natural areas are very important for
people, who rely on them for food and clean water, climate regulation and
reducing the impacts of natural disasters," says Julia Marton- Lefevre,
head of IUCN.
This data has particular relevance amid a report from the
Center for American Progress (CAP) showing that US land thought to be protected may be
subject to development under the proposed Republican platform for fossil fuels
energy development — pretty much everywhere, as they have envisioned for years.
Oil and gas development could happen – and in some cases
is already happening – in 42 national parks, including the Everglades, Mesa
Verde and Grand Teton, reports CAP.
See the map below, created with data from the National
There are patches of privately owned land within many of
these parks that could entitle owners to proceed with exploration.
"These existing mineral rights are either inholdings
– where an individual owns a piece of property completely surrounded by a park
unit – or are non-federal subservice mineral rights, which are frequently
referred to as ‘split estate’ where the federal government owns the surface of
the land and a private entity owns the right to access the minerals below the surface. Private
individuals or companies owned these mineral rights before the parks were
created and have the legal right to access them."
While pretty much everyone American agrees and energy
security should be a national priority, most of them will also agree that you
shouldn’t mess with protected land.
So Mitt Romney’s advisers are rushing to do
damage control, saying that "nobody’s talking about parks and
monuments" when it comes to the party’s sweeping oil and gas development
The article below, which originally appeared on the
ThinkProgress blog, details how Romney’s team is responding to the controversy.
By Tom Kenworthy, Center for American Progress
Testifying before a House subcommittee today, Mitt
Romney’s chief energy adviser assured lawmakers that the candidate’s energy
plan would not lead to oil and gas drilling in U.S. national parks and
“Nobody’s talking about parks and monuments,” said Harold
Hamm, CEO of Continental Resources, Inc, who is also the lead architect of
the Romney energy plan unveiled last month. That plan proposes giving
states control over energy development on federal lands, a dramatic and
unprecedented shift in the management of hundreds of millions of acres of
Hamm’s assurance about not drilling in national parks is
one good step. But there are still many other questions about Romney’s plan for
energy development on public lands left unanswered.
Like many of his policy positions, the Romney energy plan
and its proposed changes for control over drilling on federal lands is quite
vague on details. The plan says the state management would not include “lands
specifically designated off-limits,” but did not identify which lands would
fall into that category.
What about the more than 100 million acres in the U.S.
protected by Congress since 1964 as wilderness? What about national wildlife
refuges? What about national forest and rangeland areas with interim wilderness
protections pending decisions by Congress on whether to include them in the
full wilderness system? What about wild and scenic river corridors? What about
areas of critical environmental concern overseen by the Bureau of Land
Management? What about national recreation areas?
In a report released yesterday based on data
provided by the National Park Service, the Center for American Progress identified
30 units of the national parks system that could be drilled for oil and natural
gas. A dozen park service units already have oil and gas operations.
Daniel J. Weiss, a senior fellow at the Center for
American Progress Action Fund, referenced that report during his
testimony to the energy and power subcommittee today. Trading federal
oversight of drilling on public lands for state control could lead to oil and
gas development in Everglades National Park and the Flight 93 Memorial in Pennsylvania,
Clearly alarmed by the potential political ramifications
of drilling in some of America’s most revered landscapes, GOP members of the
subcommittee rushed to explain that Romney’s plan envisions no such things.
“No one’s talking about putting an oil well on a sacred
site like” the Flight 93 Memorial, said Rep. Morgan Griffin (R-Va.). “The
Romney plan specifically excludes lands that are designated as off limits.”
That’s good to hear. But there are still plenty of other
details within Romney’s plan that haven’t been addressed.
Tom Kenworthy is a senior fellow at the Center for
American Progress Action Fund.